2012 The World's 10 Biggest Oil Companies
1. Saudi Aramco - 12.5 million barrels per daySaudi Aramco is by far the biggest energy company in the world, generating more than $1 billion a day in revenues. This image depicts the Shaybah mega-project, sitting on more than 15 billion barrels of oil in the Rub al-Khali desert. Aramco's biggest field, Ghawar, can do 5 million bpd.
2. Gazprom - 9.7 million barrels per dayRussia's Gazprom is the world's largest producer of natural gas. Controlled by the Kremlin, Gazprom's monopoly on gas deliveries to much of Europe provides President Vladimir Putin a prime lever for projecting power in the region. Gazprom's profits are more than $40 billion a year.
3. National Iranian Oil Co. - 6.4 million barrels per dayIran has been forced to curtail oil production due to international sanctions, but remains a huge oil and gas producer. To skirt sanctions, Turkey and India have reportedly been paying for Iranian oil with gold. The Strait of Hormuz remains the world's most significant choke point for oil. Iran has threatened to close the Strait if attacked.
4. ExxonMobil - 5.3 million barrels per dayExxon's $40 billion in annual profits don't seem like a lot when you consider their $400 billion in sales. It takes giant projects to "move the needle" for the Big Unit. That means CEO Rex Tillerson has to make friends with potentates. In this picture from last April, Tillerson is meeting with Russia's Vladimir Putin to iron out a joint venture between Exxon and Russia's state-controlled oil giant Rosneft.
5. PetroChina - 4.4 million barrels per dayThe largest of China's three state-controlled oil giants, PetroChina also has the highest market cap of any of the publicly traded giants. The company already produces more oil than ExxonMobil, and considering the estimates of massive shale gas under China, could someday vie with Gazprom as a regional gas power.
6. BP - 4.1 million barrels per dayBob Dudley is seeking to turn the giant formerly known as British Petroleum around. Selling assets, settling lawsuits, promising improvements. BP may not maintain its 4.1 million barrels per day for long; it is in talks to sell its 50% stake in Russian venture TNK-BP, which provides a quarter of production.
7. Royal Dutch Shell - 3.9 million barrels per dayShell is hoping this summer to start drilling for oil in Alaska's Chuckchi Sea. For years since leasing offshore blocks from the federal government Shell has been perfecting its drilling plan and preparing the Kulluk floating drilling rig, pictured here in the Puget Sound by Seattle.
8. Pemex - 3.6 million barrels per dayProduction from Mexico's biggest field, Cantarell (pictured) has plunged from 2 million bbl per day to roughly 600,000 now. State-owned Pemex is working to replace that shortfall with other fields. Mexico's incoming President Enrique Pena Nieto has said reforming Pemex to allow foreign investment will be his signature issue.
9. Chevron - 3.5 million barrels per dayChevron bought Atlas Petroleum in 2010 for $4.3 billion to gain acreage in the Marcellus and Utica shales. With gas prices low, some expect a bigger deal to come.
10. Kuwait Petroleum Corp. - 3.2 million barrels per dayKuwait's oil company was originally formed in 1934 by what are now Chevron and BP. In 1975 the company was nationalized. Kuwait's fields suffered greatly by fires set by Saddam Hussein's forces in 1990. Kurwait's biggest field, Burgan, continues to be operated by Chevron.
Croatian Center of Renewable Energy Sources (CCRES)