subota, 17. srpnja 2010.

SOLAR SERDAR - HISTORY OF THE SOLAR INDUSTRY

SOLAR SERDAR
The history of the solar industry and SolarWorld are intermixed, each with one foot squarely positioned in the United States and the other in Germany – the two markets that have led the industry’s development. In the U.S., SolarWorld began as ARCO Solar. Siemens and Shell then owned the unit before SolarWorld bought it.

1954 – Bell Labs announces invention of the first modern silicon solar cells, with energyconversion efficiency of about 6 percent.

1955 – Western Electric licences commercial solar cell technologies.

1957 – AT&T employees Gerald L. Pearson, Daryl M. Chapin and Calvin S. Fuller receive patent US2780765, “Solar Energy Converting Apparatus.”

1958 – Hoffman Electronics- Semiconductor Division creates 9%-efficient solar cells. Vanguard 1, the first solar-powered satellite, is launched with .1 watt solar panel.

1960 – Hoffman Electronics creates a 14%-efficient solar cell.

1961 – United Nations stages “Solar Energy in the Developing World” conference.

1962 – The Telstar communications satellite is powered by solar cells.

1963 – Viable photovoltaic module is produced out of silicon solar cells.

1964 – Yale University Press publishes Farrington Daniels’ landmark book, “Direct Use of the Sun’s Energy.”

1967 – Soyuz 1 becomes first manned spacecraft using solar.

1973 – Solar cells power Skylab, the first U.S. space station.

1974 – A home in New Mexico is the world’s first to be powered only by solar and wind energy.

1977 – Engineer and entrepreneur Bill Yerkes sells startup Solar Technology International to Atlantic Richfield Co., forming ARCO Solar.

1979 – In Camarillo, Calif., ARCO Solar dedicates world’s largest PV factory to making silicon crystal ingots, wafers, photovoltaic cells and modules.

1980 – ARCO Solar becomes first company to produce more than 1 megawatt of PV modules in one year.

1982 – ARCO Solar commissions world’s first 1 MW grid-connected PV installation.

1985 – Australia’s University of New South Wales creates silicon cells with 20% efficiency in laboratory.

1990 – Siemens acquires ARCO Solar, forming Siemens Solar.

1996 – Siemens Solar celebrates 100 MW of installed power from modules made in Camarillo.

1997 – Siemens becomes first company to offer 25-year warranty.

1998 – SolarWorld forms as startup business, entering Germany’s burgeoning solar market.

1999 – Germany requires utilities to pay “feed-in tariffs” at fixed premium rates to owners of solar systems for power contributed into grid.

2002 – Royal Dutch Shell acquires Siemens Solar, creating Shell Solar.

2006 – SolarWorld aquires Shell Solar.

2007 – Investors begin offering free installation in return for long-term power purchase agreements (PPAs), which become common financing arrangements.

2008 – SolarWorld opens 480,000 square-foot plant in Hillsboro, investing $500 million to establish 500 MW of annual capacity and 1,000 employees there.
SOLAR SERDAR
solarserdar@gmail.com

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